Jasmine farming is done commercially all over India and is an important flower crop. Jasmine farming plants reach a height of 10 to 15 feet. Depending on the variety, its evergreen leaves produce 2 to 3-inch long, green, thin stem and white coloured flowers. Its flowers bloom from March to June. Moreover, it is mainly used for garlands, decorations and worship of God. In addition, due to its strong scent-like aroma, it is used in perfumes and fragrances in soaps, creams, oils, shampoos and laundry detergents. Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Haryana are its main producing states in India.
Jasmine Farming Essential Steps
Jasmine farming can prove to be a boon for the farmer brothers because the jasmine flower has a unique importance in fragrant flowers. There are 20 to 25 species of Jasmine found in different parts of the world. Moreover, Jasmine is cultivated on a large scale near the cities. Therefore, farmers who grow Jasmine with scientific techniques can obtain a good yield.
Jasmine farming is best in hot and humid climates. Under normal conditions, the tropical and subtropical environment is considered best for this. Some of its varieties can be grown easily, even in temperate climates. The temperature of 24 centigrade to 32 centigrade is most suitable for the growth of its plants.
Soil For Jasmine Farming
For the cultivation of Jasmine, loamy land, which has sufficient organic matter, has proper means of irrigation and drainage and does not have any hard surface in the ground, is considered most suitable. Moreover, the pH value of the soil should be 6.5 for good cultivation. The Jasmine plants do not develop properly in acidic, alkaline soils, so do not cultivate them in such soils.
In preparation for the field for Jasmine farming, the first ploughing should be done with a soil-turning plough, and two to three ploughing should be done with the Powertrac 434 tractor. After ploughing, the field should be made pulverised by levelling it. Then, collect and burn the remains of old crops at the time of land preparation. At the same time, rotten cow dung should also be mixed at 300 to 400 quintals per hectare.
For jasmine farming, pits should be dug in the field 15 days before, and the distance between the pits is kept according to the variety of 1 to 3 metres. In less spreading types, the distance is kept less.
Planting time for Jasmine farming is June to July in Northern India. Moreover, it can be planted in any month in Southern India. Plant-to-plant distance and row-to-row distance depend on the variety. This distance can be kept from 1 metre to 3 metres. Therefore, an estimate of 3300 to 3500 plants per hectare is appropriate.
Manure And Fertilisers For Jasmine Farming
For Jasmine farming, rotten cow dung manure at the rate of 250 to 3000 quintals per hectare should be mixed well in the last ploughing with a John Deere 45 HP tractor at the time of field preparation. Along with this, 200 kg nitrogen, 400 kg single super phosphate and 125 kg potash should be given per hectare. Half the quantity of Nitrogen and the full quantity of Phosphorus and Potash should be given in the pits at the time of field preparation. And half the amount of Nitrogen should be given during the flowering. Even after this, it should be given according to need. This is necessary for good yield.
Irrigation Management In Jasmine Farming
In hot weather, Jasmine plants should be watered regularly, at least twice a week. And irrigated only once a week in a moderate climate, according to the weather and soil.
Jasmine Farming Weed Control
Weeds cause a lot of damage to the jasmine crop and also increase the cost of cultivation. When weeds are seen near the plants, the weeds should be removed immediately by weeding. Dig with a spade leaving a space of 30 cm around the plants. It is necessary to do at least two to three diggings in a year, due to which the growth of plants is good.
Harvesting And Sorting The Jasmine Yield
In Jasmine farming, from the time flowering ends, diseased dry branches and those that adversely affect the growth of other branches should be cut and removed. Sometimes when the plants become old, the yield of flowers also decreases. So at that time, such plants are cut from a height of 15 to 20 cm from the ground surface.
After digging around these plants, the rotten manure of cow dung is mixed in the soil, and water is given. The new branches that emerge from this. Out of them, except for some healthy branches, the remaining branches should be cut. In this way, healthy plants are obtained, and good yield is obtained from them.
Disease Prevention In Jasmine
Jasmine plants are affected by various diseases, which adversely affect the growth and yield of flowers. The diseases that occur are mosaic of leaves, blight, Alternaria jasmine, wilt etc. For prevention, cutting should be taken from a certified place.
Moreover, we should adopt crop rotation, and should do 3 to 4 sprays at an interval of 10 to 15 days by mixing Cosavet sulphur in two grams per litre of water or Carotene in one ml per litre of water. To prevent viral disease, spraying of streptomycin should be done twice at an interval of 10 to 12 days.
Picking The Flowers
About 9 to 10 months after planting the jasmine plant, flowers start coming. However, in some varieties, flowers are available throughout the year. The flowering time of most species is from March to October. It is better if the flowers are plucked before the sun rises in the morning. Because of this, their fragrance remains preserved. If the area is very large, the plucking of flowers starts even after 4 pm, and the plucked flowers should be kept in the open at night. Water should also be sprinkled on these flowers as needed for Jasmine farming.
Yield In Jasmine Farming
Flower yield depends on jasmine variety, soil fertility and crop care. If the flowers are plucked in the morning, then there are about 9 to 13 thousand flowers in 1 kilogram weight, and 2 to 4 kg flowers are available per plant per year in Jasmine farming.
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